As far as wildlife is concerned, the Indian peninsula is a continent in itself where the sheer diversity of the wildlife astounds you with more than 350 species of mammals and 1200 avifauna species in the country.
The people want to do only one thing in the cities during the summers – they want to get away from it. They want a cool getaway in India itself where they can have some respite from the scorching heat of the plains.
A vivacious symphony of colours greets you as soon as you step into Rajasthan. The arid landscape is virtually decorated with people wearing a variety of colourful Rajasthan costumes. The opulent colours of the Rajasthan dresses accentuate the beauty of this sun-soaked state as a whole.
Rajasthan, the name itself conjures up images of deserts, beautiful people and most importantly colour. Brightly coloured Rajasthan costumes are an integral part of the tradition and culture of this vividly beautiful state. It is only here that you can find the sheen of silk, a sparkle of silver, precious stones, and mirror and other types of Rajasthan jewelry, and kaleidoscopic cotton integrating with each other, creating a riot of colourful clothing that is the absolute word in visual opulence.
The people of Rajasthan have a penchant for wearing bright and colourful costumes so as to add a dash of colour to the landscape that is otherwise barren and devoid of any colour. Such Rajasthan dresses were not only preferred by the common people, but also by true-blue royalty. The tradition of wearing lively Rajasthan costumes continues to this day, wherein you will still find people preferring colours like bright orange, dazzling yellow, lively green and many other colours. What’s more gold and silver work commonly known as ‘zari’ or ‘gota’ is seamlessly integrated into these Rajasthan dresses to give a captivating effect.
Rajasthan Costumes and Rajasthan jewelry is a study in itself and this is one of the few states in India where you will find that the costumes of the past are still in fashion today. In Rajasthan, dresses and jewelry distinguish people of one region from that of another; such is the variation and uniqueness in the sphere of Rajasthan dresses and Rajasthan jewelry.
Rajasthan costumes are well known for their brilliant hues. The climate, status, profession, and financial ability, dictate the Rajasthan dresses for both women and for men.
The traditional Rajasthan dresses include amongst others, ‘banda’, ‘panchwera’, ‘khol, ‘dhoti’, ‘potia’, ‘bugatari’, ‘dhabla’ etc. The turbans, worn by Rajasthani men are also famous the world over, but not many people know the fact that this head dress is worn differently in different parts of Rajasthan. The turban is commonly known as ‘pagari’, ‘safa’, or the ‘sela’. It is quite unbelievable, but the fact remains that there are approximately a 1,000 different types of turbans that are found in Rajasthan. Each style denotes the region, caste, and class of the wearer.
But one thing is for sure, the people of Rajasthan cannot do without the tie-and-dye sari, ‘bandhni’, and the turban.
Traditional Rajasthan costumes for women include the ‘Odhni’, ‘Kanchli or Choli’, ‘ghaghri or ghagra’, and the ‘lahanga’. The ‘dupatta’ and the ‘patka’ are usually worn by women of high status.
The ‘Odhni’ is typically a garment that has a length of 10 feet and width of 5 feet. One corner of this Rajasthan dress is tucked in the skirt, while the other corner is taken over the right shoulder and the head.
The women accentuate the beauty of their dresses by using some simple or intricately designed Rajasthan jewelry.
You cannot talk about Rajasthan dresses without mentioning the elegant ‘chappals’, ‘jutees’, or ‘sandals’ that grace the feet of the women and men.
Truly, Rajasthan is a bounteous cauldron of culture and tradition. The people here have not led the present take away their past. The Rajasthan costumes are actually the defining symbol of the illustrious past of this desert state and an integral part of the history of Rajasthan.
No other state in India can boast of as much distinction, colour, beauty, and intricacy in their costumes as can Rajasthan.