Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented bills in the Lok Sabha on Friday aimed at modernizing India’s criminal laws, replacing colonial-era statutes. The proposed legislation includes Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita to replace the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita for the Criminal Code of Civil Procedure (CrPC), and Bharatiya Sakshya for the Indian Evidence Act. A key feature of these bills is the repeal of major colonial-era laws, including sedition.

Shah emphasized that these reforms would establish India’s criminal justice system as the most modern in the world. He pledged that justice would be expedited, ensuring Supreme Court-level resolution of all cases within three years of filing the First Information Report (FIR). The Home Minister highlighted that the new laws prioritize delivering justice, contrasting with colonial-era laws that emphasized penal action. Additionally, the bills facilitate easier reporting of crimes by recognizing e-FIR, Zero FIR, and electronic or digital evidence.

Shah noted that the first case registered under the new laws involved a motorcycle theft in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, shortly after midnight, illustrating the swift implementation of the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita. Previously, the first FIR was believed to have been filed under the provisions of the criminal code BNS against a street vendor near New Delhi railway station for alleged obstruction of a public way.

This legislative overhaul marks a significant step towards modernizing India’s legal framework, reflecting the government’s commitment to ensuring efficient and equitable justice delivery across the nation.