History of Mirzapur
Team India Voyage, 2 years ago 3 min read 1040
Mirzapur is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India. Not many people knew of Mirzapur until the recent Web series ‘Mirzapur’. Although I’m not certain if this series shows anything significant about Mirzapur or its History, it certainly did get the city a lot of recognition.
Mirzapur is renowned for its carpets and brassware industries. It is well-known for the holy shrine of Vindhyachal, Ashtbhuja ,Kali khoh and also Devrahwa Baba ashram. It has numerous waterfalls and natural spots. According to the Central Statistical Organisation, the district of Mirzapur had an area of 4521 kms.
Mirzapur was founded in the 17th century. It had become one of the most famous trading centres in northern India by 1800. When the railway to Allahabad was opened in 1864, Mirzapur started to decline, but it became very important in local trade. The city, situated at a road junction on a major rail line, also is a centre of the industry, including cotton milling, sandstone dressing, brass-ware production, and carpet manufacture. Many pilgrims love visiting Mirzapur because of the temples and ghats, bathing stairs along the river and also the old temple of kali in Vindhayachal.
The city was established by British officers, but the initial development was founded by the most renowned officer of the British East India Company “Lord Marquess Wellesley”. Evidence suggests that the British construction was originated from Burrier (Bariya) Ghat. Burrier Ghat was rebuilt by Lord Wellesley has reconstructed as the main entrance in Mirzapur through Ganga. Some of the places in Mirzapur were pronounced as per the name of Lord Wellesley, like Wellesleyganj, Which is the first market in Mirzapur, Mukeri Bazar, tulsi chowk etc. The building of the Municipal Corporation is also a valuable example of British Constructions.
It is the only place in India where the Holy River Ganges meets with the Vindhya Range, which is of significance in Hindu Mythology and has a mention in Vedas. Vindhyanchal is a religious place founded near Mirzapur. Vindhyachal, a Shakti Peeth, is a centre of pilgrimage in Mirzapur District, Uttar Pradesh. The Vindhyavasini Devi temple located here is a major attraction and is visited by thousands of devotees during the Navratris of Chaitra and Ashwin months to invoke the blessings of the Goddess. The closest railhead is Mirzapur. Vindhyachal has regular bus services to the nearby towns. The nearest railway station is at Mirzapur. Vindhyachal is connected to the nearby towns through its regular bus services.
The famous Ghanta Ghar of Mirzapur is constructed in the premises of the city corporation, about 3 km from the Mirzapur Railway Station. Presently not operational, it was constructed in the year 1891, with its entire structure made up of finely carved stone and a 1000 kg alloy bell hanging from the tall structure.
A step towards the awareness for voting the District of Mirzapur arose with the Guinness World Record for the biggest Rangoli created in an area of 39,125 m2 using approximately 120,000 kg of colour across 3500 students and teachers from 50 schools on the event of National Voters Day. This city is located on the bank of the river Ganga. Mirzapur is a wonderful city with a very rich cultural and historical heritage. It is a great city to visit and offers a lot to explore.